Resources


Drug Information

This information is to provide you with knowledge of the more common drugs of use. 

As this is only a partial list, please feel free to call us at (405) 602-5669 with any questions you might have. We specialize in screening for specific drugs.   


Definition

Alcohol is a depressant; a colorless volatile flammable liquid, C2H5OH, synthesized or obtained by fermentation of sugars and starches and widely used, either pure or denatured, as a solvent and in drugs, cleaning solutions, explosives, and intoxicating beverages.

Detection Time: Up To 3-4 Days For Urine, Blood, And Saliva Specimens; Up To 90-120 Days For Hair Follicle Test.

Other Names

Booze
Wine
Liquor
Beer

Physical Characteristics

Alcohol is injested. Types include beer, wine, and liquor.

How is it consumed?

When a person drinks alcohol, the alcohol is absorbed by the stomach, enters the bloodstream, and goes to all the tissues. The effects of alcohol are dependent on a variety of factors, including a person’s size, weight, age, and sex, as well as the amount of food and alcohol consumed. Effects of moderate alcohol intake include dizziness and talkativeness; the immediate effects of a larger amount of alcohol include slurred speech, disturbed sleep, nausea, and vomiting.

Chronic usage also results in hallucinations, permanent neurological impairment due to destruction of brain cells and alteration of brain metabolism. Alcohol, even at low doses, significantly impairs the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely. Low to moderate doses of alcohol can also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including domestic violence and child abuse. Hangovers are another possible effect after large amounts of alcohol are consumed; a hangover consists of headache, nausea, thirst, dizziness, and fatigue.

Effects on Users

Prolonged, heavy use of alcohol can lead to addiction (alcoholism). Sudden cessation of long term, extensive alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations and convulsions. Long-term effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol, especially when combined with poor nutrition, can lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and liver.

In addition, mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants may suffer from mental retardation and other irreversible physical abnormalities. Withdrawal symptoms include; Tremors, sweating, loss of appetite, nausea, high blood pressure, possible hallucinations, convulsions and death. Withdrawal is life-threatening.

Signs and Symptoms

Agitation, Drunkenness, Nausea and Vomiting, Aggression, Fatigue, Nystagmus, Anxiety or Jumpiness, Fever, Poor Attention Span, Behavioral Changes, Hallucinations, Poor Judgment, Coma, Headache, Seizures, Confusion, Inappropriate Sexual Behavior, Shakiness or Trembling, Coordination, Insomnia, Slurred Speech, Depression, Irritability, Stupor, Difficulty Standing, Loss of Appetite, Sweating, Drowsiness, Memory Problems.


Definition

Three drugs are jointly referred to as amphetamines – amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, and methamphetamine. All three are central nervous system stimulants and their chemical structures are so similar that it is difficult for users to tell them apart. Stimulants are a class of drugs that generally increase alertness, attention, and energy.

Stimulant medications can help people with Attention-Deficit Disorder (ADD) feel calmer, but they have the opposite effect on people who do not have that disorder. Caffeine is a mild stimulant, cocaine is a potent stimulant, and MDMA (ecstasy) has stimulant-like attributes.

Detection Time: Up To 2-7 Days; For Urine, Blood, And Saliva Specimens; Up To 90-120 Days For Hair Follicle Test.

Other Names

Adipex-p, Amphetamine, Base, Batu, Bennies, Biphetamine, Black Beauties, Bumble Bees, Co-Pilots, Crank, Cross Tops, Crystal, Crystal Meth, Crystal Methylamphetamine, D-Meth, Death, Dexamphetamine, Dexedrine, Dexies, Fast, Fastin, Footballs, Glass, Goey, Hearts, Hot Ice, Ice, Kidi-Speed, L.A. Glass, L.A. Turnaround, Leopard’s Blood, Liquid Red, Louee, MDMA, Meth, Methylamphetamine, Ox Blood, Paramethoxyamphetamine, Pep Pills, Phentermine, PMA, PMMA, Point, Pure, Rabbit, Red Speed, Shabu, Speed, Tail, Truck Drivers, Uppers, Wax, White Crosses, and Whiz.

Physical Characteristics

Amphetamines come in several varieties and as a result appear in different forms. They can be: Different Colored Powders, Capsules of Various Colors, and Ice Comes in Sheet like Crystals or Crystalline Powder.

Effects on Users

A low dose can cause paranoia, euphoria, dysphoria. fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse, mental depression, as well as panic. High doses can cause brief psychosis, increased aggressiveness, and antisocial behaviors. Body becomes ready for “fight or flight”; can cause stroke, heart attack, or kidney failure. Withdrawal symptoms include; Confusion, apathy, increased appetite and need for sleep.

Signs and Symptoms

Alertness  , Irritability, Anxiety, Nervousness, Crying, Quick to React or Overreact Emotionally, Depersonalization, Rapidly Changing Moods, Dilated Pupils, Restlessness, Dry Mouth, Shaking, Hyperventilation, Shortness of Breath, Increased Motor Performance And Energy, Trouble Sleeping.


Definition

Cocaine is a drug extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. It is a potent brain stimulant and one of the most powerfully addictive drugs. There are two forms of Cocaine: powdered cocaine and crack. Crack is cocaine that has not been neutralized by an acid to make the hydrochloride salt. 

Detection Time: Up To 2-5 Days For Urine, Blood, And Saliva Specimens; Up To 90-120 Days For Hair Follicle Test.

Other Names

Bebe, Big C, Bings, Blanca, Blow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coca, Coke, Crack, Crackers, Flake, Freebase, French Fry, Lady, Nieve, Nose Candy, Perico, Peruvian Marching Powder, Rock, Snow, Snowbirds, Soda, Toot, White, and White Crack.

Physical Characteristics

Cocaine is distributed on the street in two main forms: cocaine hydrochloride is a white crystalline powder and “crack” is cocaine hydrochloride that has been processed with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water into a freebase cocaine – chips, chunks, or rocks. On the streets, cocaine may be diluted with cornstarch, talcum powder, sugar, lactose, inositol, mannitol, or with active drugs such as cocaine or lidocaine (a chemically-related local anesthetic) or with other stimulants such as amphetamines.

How is it consumed?

Cocaine can be snorted or dissolved in water and injected. Crack Cocaine comes in the form of a rock crystal that can be heated and its vapors smoked. Cocaine use is most prevalent among males between the ages of 18 and 25. Because cocaine is extremely addictive, the first-time user cannot possibly predict when loss of control will occur.

Effects on Users

Its effects last for about 45 minutes and varies with dosage and tolerance. Effects include, a “high” feeling of supremacy as well as euphoria, chest pain, and heart failure. High doses and/or prolonged use can cause psychosis, paranoia, increased body temperature, high blood pressure and pulse, increased risk for seizures, respiratory arrest, strokes, heart attacks, and death.

Smoking crack cocaine can produce a particularly aggressive paranoid behavior in users. Prolonged cocaine snorting can result in ulceration of the mucous membrane of the nose. Withdrawal symptoms include; intense physical cravings, irritability, depression, paranoia, and suicidal ideation, sometimes delusions and hallucinations.

Signs and Symptoms

Aggressive And Antisocial Behavior, Hyperactivity, Alertness, Increased Energy, Anxiety, Insomnia, Constricted Peripheral Blood Vessels, Long Periods Without Eating, Depression Or Excessive Sleeping, Long Periods Without Sleeping, Dilated Pupils, Restlessness, Dry Mouth And Nose, Weight Loss, Excessive Talking.


Definition

Hallucinogenic Mushrooms contain two psychoactive ingredients: psilocybin and psilocin. Psilocybin and psilocyn are the hallucinogenic principles contained in certain mushrooms. These “magic” mushrooms are generally grown in Mexico and Central America and have been used in native rituals for thousands of years. Psilocybin is structurally similar to serotonin, and produces its effects by disrupting normal functioning of the serotonin system.

Detection Time: Up To 2-7 Days For Urine, Blood, And Saliva Specimens; Up To 90-120 Days For Hair Follicle Test.

Other Names

Caps, Magic, Magic Mushrooms, Mushroom, Psilocybin & Psilocin, Purple Passion, Shrooms.

Physical Characteristics

Dried mushrooms.

How is it consumed?

Mushrooms are eaten, brewed in tea, dried and put in capsule form, or dried and laced with cigarettes or marijuana joints for their hallucinogenic effects.

Effects on Users

Effects last for six to eight hours. Once ingested, mushrooms generally cause feelings of nausea before the desired mental effects appear. The high from using magic mushrooms is mild and may cause altered feelings and distorted perceptions of touch, sight, sound and taste. Other effects can include nervousness, elevated heart rate and blood pressure, and paranoia.

Effects can be different during each use due to varying potency, the amount ingested, and the user’s expectations, mood, surroundings, and frame of mind. On some trips, users experience sensations that are enjoyable. Others can include terrifying thoughts, and anxiety, fears of insanity, death, or losing control.

Some magic mushroom users experience “flashbacks”, or hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD), which are reoccurrences of hallucinations long after ingesting the drug. The causes of these effects, which is some users occur after a single experience with the drug, are not known.

Signs and Symptoms

Aggressive Behavior, Euphoria, Body Odor, Excessive Perspiration, Confusion, Impaired Coordination, Dilated Pupils, Mood and Behavior Changes, Disorientation, Warm Skin, Distorted Image of Self/Time Perception.


Definition

Hydrocodone is an orally active analgesic and antitussive narcotic that has an analgesic potency similar to or greater than that of oral morphine.

Detection Time: Up To 1-6 Days For Urine, Blood, And Saliva Specimens; Up To 90-120 Days For Hair Follicle Test.

Other Names

Hydrocodone w/Acetaminophen, Vicodin, Anexsia, Anolor, Lorcet, Zydone, Vicoprofen, Tussionex, Lortab:/ Vike, Watson-387.

Physical Characteristics

Prescription Drugs; Brand names for hydrocodone products include Anexsia, Dicodid, Duodin, Hycet, Hycodan (or generically Hydromet), Hycomine, Hydrococet, Hydrovo, Kolikodol, Lorcet, Lortab, Mercodinone, Norco, Norgan, Noviahistex, Orthoxycol, Symtan, Synkonin, Tussionex, Tylox, Vicodin, and Vicoprofen. Hydromorphone (Dilaudid) is marketed in tablets, rectal suppositories, oral solutions, and injectable formulations.

How is it consumed?

It is commonly available in tablet, capsule, and syrup form, and is often compounded with other analgesics like paracetamol or ibuprofen. The tablets are often dissolved and injected as a substitute for heroin.

Effects on Users

Vicodin, as with all narcotic analgesics , can be habit forming---causing dependence, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms if not used as it is prescribed. Even when used as prescribed, the following effects are possible: Dizziness, Lightheadedness, Sedation, Vomiting, Constipation, Allergic Reactions, Blood Disorders, Mood Changes, Mental Cloudiness, Anxiety, Lethargy, Urine Retention, Urethral Spasm, Irregular Breathing, Skin Rash, Bluish Tinge to Skin, Cold and Clammy Skin, Unresponsiveness or Coma, Heavy Perspiration, and Limp Muscles.

Signs and Symptoms

Confusion, Dilated Pupils, Drowsiness,  Impaired Coordination, Lowered Heart and Respiratory Rate, Lowered Blood Pressure, Nausea, Relaxed Muscles, Weakness.


Definition

LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) is a synthetic (man-made) drug that has been abused for its hallucinogenic properties since the 1960s. The potent mood-changing chemicals are   manufactured from lysergic acid, which is found in ergot, a fungus that grows on rye and other grains.

Detection Time: Up To 7-10 Days For Urine, Blood, And Saliva Specimens. Up to 90-120 Days For Hair Follicle Test.

Other Names

Acid, Bartman, Bart Simpson, Blotter, Boomers, Doses, Gelatin Chips, Cubes, Hits, Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, Microdot,  Paper/Blotter, Sugar Cubes, Tabs, Trips, Windowpanes/Blotter and Yellow Sunshine.

Physical Characteristics

LSD is usually found on “blotter” paper (paper that is perforated into small squares). The squares of “tabs” may have been colored or have images printed on them. LSD is a white powder or a clear, colorless liquid and  be found in thin squares of gelatin.

How is it consumed?

LSD is taken orally, and has a slightly bitter taste. Gelatin and liquid can be put in the eyes.

Effects on Users

The effects of LSD are unpredictable... LSD produces hallucinations and there is no way to anticipate whether the "trip" will be a good or a bad one prior to use. A trip can last for several hours. The trip depends on the amount taken, the user’s personality, mood, and expectations, and the surroundings in which the drug is used. If taken in a large enough dose, the drug produces delusions and visual hallucinations. Sensations may seem to “cross over,” giving the user the feeling of hearing colors and seeing sounds.

These changes can be frightening and can cause panic. Some LSD users experience flashbacks, recurrence of certain aspects of a person’s experience without the user having taken the drug again. A flashback occurs suddenly, often without warning, and may occur within a few days or more than a year after LSD use. LSD is not considered to be an addictive drug because it does not produce compulsive drug-seeking behavior like cocaine, amphetamines, heroin, alcohol, or nicotine.

Signs and Symptoms

The drug makes the pupils dilate, increases heart rate and blood pressure, and causes dryness in the mouth.  Sweating, Loss of appetite, Sleepiness and Tremors can also occur.


Definition

Marijuana is a product of the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. The primary mind-altering ingredient in marijuana, also present in other forms of cannabis, is THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol). Of the roughly 400 chemicals found in the cannabis plant, THC affects the brain the most.

Detection Time: Up To 2 Days- 11 Weeks For Urine, Blood, And Saliva Specimens; Up To 90-120 Days For Hair Follicle Test.

Other Names

Aunt Mary, Blunts, Boom, Chronic (Marijuana alone or with crack), Dope, Gangster, Ganja, Gerb, Grass, Grifa, Hash, Hash Oil, Herb, Joints, Kif, Mary Jane, Mota, Pot, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Skunk, Weed and Yerba.

Physical Characteristics

Marijuana is a green or gray mixture of dried, shredded flowers and leaves of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). Similar to dried parsley with stems and/or seeds, rolled into cigarettes or cigars.

How is it consumed?

Marijuana is usually smoked (joints, pipes, bongs, blunts), but is sometimes mixed in foods or brewed in tea to induce its effects.

Effects on Users

Short-term effects of marijuana include a sense of relaxation and happiness, problems with memory and learning, distorted perception (sights, sounds, time, touch), increased blood pressure and heart rate, trouble with thinking and problem solving, loss of motor coordination, increased heart rate, paranoia, panic, and persistent anxiety.

These effects are even greater when other drugs are mixed with weed. The effects of smoked marijuana can be felt within minutes and usually lasts three to four hours. Many users often feel the effects the next day. Marijuana smoke contains some of the same cancer-causing compounds as tobacco, sometimes in higher concentrations.

Signs and Symptoms

Addiction (psychological), Poor Memory, Difficulty Concentrating, Red Eyes, Increased Appetite, Slowed Reaction Time, Pinpoint Pupils.

Methamphetamines
Definition

Methamphetamines are addictive stimulants that strongly activate certain systems in the brain.

Detection Time: Up To 1-5 Days For Urine, Blood, And Saliva Specimens; Up To 90-120 Days For Hair Follicle Test.

Other Names

Adderall, Chalk, Crank, Cristal, Croak, Crypto, Crystal, Desoxyn, Dexedrine, Fire, Glass, Ice, Krystal Meth, Meth, Speed, Tweek and White Cross.

Physical Characteristics

Methamphetamine is a crystal-like powered substance that sometimes comes in large rock-like chunks. When the powder flakes off the rock, the shards look like glass, which is another nickname for meth. Meth is usually white or slightly yellow, depending on the purity.

How is it consumed?

Methamphetamine can be taken orally, injected, snorted or smoked.

Effects on Users

Immediately after smoking or injection, the user experiences an intense sensation, called a “rush” or “flash,” that lasts only a few minutes and is described as extremely pleasurable. Snorting or swallowing meth produces euphoria – a high, but not a rush. After the initial “rush,” there is typically a state of high agitation that in some individuals can lead to violent behavior.

Methamphetamine is addictive, and users can develop a tolerance quickly, needing larger amounts to get high. In some cases, users forego food and sleep and take more meth every few hours for days, ‘binging’ until they run out of the drug or become too disorganized to continue. Chronic use can cause paranoia, cardiac and neurological damage, hallucinations, and delusions of parasites or insects crawling under the skin. Users can obsessively scratch their skin to get rid of these imagined insects.

Long-term use, high dosages, or both can bring on full-blown toxic psychosis (often exhibited as violent, aggressive behavior). This violent, aggressive behavior is usually coupled with extreme paranoia. Methamphetamine use can also cause strokes and death.

Signs and Symptoms

Addiction  , Psychotic Behavior, Impaired Memory and Learning, Repetitive Behavior (compulsively cleaning, grooming or disassembling and assembling objects), Memory Loss, Tolerance.

Opiates
Definition

Any of various sedative narcotics containing opium or one or more of its natural or synthetic derivatives. Companies performing non-regulated testing have started to include test panels for synthetic opiates such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, and oxymorphone due to the emergent use of prescription drugs.

Detection Time: up to 5-7 days for urine, blood, and saliva specimens, up to 90-120 days for hair follicle tests.

Other Names

Amidone, Codeine, China White, Darvocet, Ddarvon, Demerol, Diacetylmorphine, Dilaudid, Dolophine, Dover’s Powder, Duramorph, Empirin w/Codeine, Fiorinal w/Codeine, Heroin, Horse, Laudanum, Methadone, Methadose, Morphine, Opium, OxyContin, Paregoric, Percocet, Percodan, Robitussin A-C, Roxanol, Smack Talwin, Tylenol w/Codeine,  and Vicodin.

Physical Characteristics

Opium appears as dark brown chunks or as a powder. Heroin can be a white or brownish powder which is usually dissolved in water. Most street preparations of heroin are diluted or, “cut,” with other substances such as sugar or quinine.

How is it consumed?

Opiates come in a variety of forms including capsules, tablets, syrups, solutions, and suppositories. it's injected and usually smoked or eaten.

Effects on Users

Opiates tends to relax the user. When opiates are injected, the user feels an immediate "rush". Other initial and unpleasant effects include restlessness, nausea, and vomiting. The user may go "on the nod", going back and forth from feeling alert to drowsy. With very large doses, the user cannot be awakened, pupils become smaller, and the skin becomes cold, moist, and bluish in color. Breathing slows down and death may occur.

Signs and Symptoms

Infections of the Heart Lining and Valves, Skin Abscesses, and Congested Lungs, Liver Disease, Tetanus, and Serum Hepatitis.

Phencyclidine
Definition

PCP (phencyclidine) is a dissociative anesthetic and has many of the same effects as LSD, but can be much more dangerous. In the 1950s, PCP was investigated as an anesthetic, but due to its severe side effects, its development for human use was discontinued.

PCP is know for inducing violent behavior and causing negative physical reactions such as seizures and coma. There is no way to predict who will have a bad reaction to the drug. Maybe this is because PCP has so many faces – it acts as a hallucinogen, stimulant, depressant, and anesthetic – all at the same time. 

Detection Time: Up To 2-8 Days For Urine, Blood, And Saliva Specimens; Up To 90-120 Days For Hair Follicle Test.

Other Names

Angel Dust, Blue Heaven, Embalming Fluid, Hog, Horse Tranquilizer, Killer Joints, Killer Weed, Love Boat, Lovely, Peace Pill, PCE, PCP, Rocket Fuel, Sherman Sticks/Tanks, Sugar Cubes, Supergrass and TCP.

Physical Characteristics

In its original state, PCP is a white crystalline powder. Dipping a cigarette or marijuana joint (or other leafy material such as parsley, mint, and oregano) into liquid PCP is its most common use. PCP is also manufactured into capsules, tablets, colored powders and liquid pastes. It’s most common form, a liquid, PCP looks like apple juice. It is readily soluble in water or alcohol and it has a distinctive bitter chemical taste.

How is it consumed?

PCP turns up on the illicit drug market in a variety of tablets, capsules, and colored powders. It is normally used in one of three ways – snorted, smoked, or eaten. When it is smoked, PCP is often applied to a leafy material such as mint, parsley, oregano, tobacco or marijuana. Many people who use PCP may do it unknowingly because PCP is often used as an additive and can be found in marijuana, LSD, or methamphetamine. Wet Sticks: Marijuana or tobacco soaked in embalming fluid (or ether) and laced with PCP. Wet Sticks can induce blackouts, rage and violent behavior. In addition, embalming fluid contains two poisons that can kill – formaldehyde and methanol. The street names for wet sticks are Amp, Happy Sticks, Sherm, and Wet.

Effects on Users

PCP at low to moderate doses can cause distinct changes in body awareness, similar to those associated with alcohol intoxication. Other effects can include shallow breathing, decreased heart rate, temperature and blood pressure, and generalized numbness of the extremities. Use of PCP among adolescents may interfere with hormones related to normal growth and development as well as with the learning process. At high doses, PCP can cause hallucinations as well as seizures, and death (though death more often results from accidental injury or suicide during PCP intoxication).

Other effects that can occur at high doses are  nausea, blurred vision, and dizziness. High doses can also cause effects similar to symptoms of schizophrenia, such as delusions, paranoia, disordered thinking, a sensation of distance from one’s environment, and catatonia.  PCP has sedative effects, and interactions with other central nervous system depressants, such as alcohol and benzodiazepines, can lead to coma or accidental overdose. PCP is addictive that is, its use often leads to psychological dependence, craving, and compulsive PCP-seeking behavior. People who use PCP for long periods report memory loss, difficulties with thinking, depression, and weight loss. These symptoms can persist up to a year after cessation of PCP use. Mood disorders also have been reported.

Signs and Symptoms

Agitation, Impaired Coordination, Coma, Profuse Sweating, Confusion, Stupor, Disorientation, Synesthesia, Drooling, Unresponsiveness, Eye Fluttering, Varying Degrees of Illusions,  Flushed Skin, Vomiting, Garbled Speech.

© 2018 PROFESSIONALS IN CORPORATE URINALYSIS PROTECTION, LLC. All Rights Reserved. Designed By GoZipper!

Search